Indoor flowering palm trees
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More Information ». Palms give a wonderful tropical feeling to the indoor garden. They are bold houseplants that command attention. The Cat Palm Chamaedorea cataractarum is one of the hardiest parlor palms to grow indoors.
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: Palm Varieties with name -- Beautiful Indoor Palms - Types of Palm TreesContent:
- Parlor Palm
- Kentia Palm
- What is that Palm-like Plant?
- Robot or human?
- Areca Palm Online
- Indoor Palm Tree Care: How to Trim a Palm Tree Plant
- A palm tree in the house
- How To Care For A Parlor Palm (Chamaedorea elegans)
The Arecaceae is a family of perennial flowering plants in the monocot order Arecales. Their growth form can be climbers , shrubs, tree -like and stemless plants, all commonly known as palms.
Those having a tree-like form are called palm trees. Most palms are distinguished by their large, compound, evergreen leaves, known as fronds, arranged at the top of an unbranched stem. However, palms exhibit an enormous diversity in physical characteristics and inhabit nearly every type of habitat within their range, from rainforests to deserts. Palms are among the best known and most extensively cultivated plant families.
They have been important to humans throughout much of history. Many common products and foods are derived from palms. In contemporary times, palms are also widely used in landscaping, making them one of the most economically important plants. In many historical cultures, because of their importance as food, palms were symbols for such ideas as victory, peace, and fertility.
For inhabitants of cooler climates today, palms symbolize the tropics and vacations. The word Arecaceae is derived from the word areca with the suffix "-aceae".
Whether as shrubs, tree-like, or vines, palms have two methods of growth: solitary or clustered. The common representation is that of a solitary shoot ending in a crown of leaves. This monopodial character may be exhibited by prostrate, trunkless, and trunk-forming members. Some common palms restricted to solitary growth include Washingtonia and Roystonea. Palms may instead grow in sparse though dense clusters. The trunk develops an axillary bud at a leaf node, usually near the base, from which a new shoot emerges.
The new shoot, in turn, produces an axillary bud and a clustering habit results. Exclusively sympodial genera include many of the rattans , Guihaia , and Rhapis. Several palm genera have both solitary and clustering members. Palms which are usually solitary may grow in clusters and vice versa. These aberrations suggest the habit operates on a single gene. Palms have large, evergreen leaves that are either palmately 'fan-leaved' or pinnately 'feather-leaved' compound and spirally arranged at the top of the stem.
The leaves have a tubular sheath at the base that usually splits open on one side at maturity. The flowers are generally small and white, radially symmetric, and can be either uni- or bisexual. The sepals and petals usually number three each, and may be distinct or joined at the base.
The stamens generally number six, with filaments that may be separate, attached to each other, or attached to the pistil at the base.
The fruit is usually a single- seeded drupe sometimes berry-like  but some genera e. Like all monocots , palms do not have the ability to increase the width of a stem secondary growth via the same kind of vascular cambium found in non-monocot woody plants. However, many palms, like some other monocots, do have secondary growth, although because it does not arise from a single vascular cambium producing xylem inwards and phloem outwards, it is often called "anomalous secondary growth".
The Arecaceae are notable among monocots for their height and for the size of their seeds, leaves, and inflorescences. Ceroxylon quindiuense , Colombia 's national tree, is the tallest monocot in the world, reaching up to 60 metres ft tall.
Raffia palms Raphia spp. The Corypha species have the largest inflorescence of any plant, up to 7. Calamus stems can reach metres ft in length. Most palms are native to tropical and subtropical climates. Palms thrive in moist and hot climates but can be found in a variety of different habitats.
Their diversity is highest in wet, lowland forests. South America, the Caribbean, and areas of the south Pacific and southern Asia are regions of concentration. Colombia may have the highest number of palm species in one country. There are some palms that are also native to desert areas such as the Arabian peninsula and parts of northwestern Mexico. Only about palm species naturally grow entirely beyond the tropics, mostly in humid lowland subtropical climates, in highlands in southern Asia, and along the rim lands of the Mediterranean Sea.
Palms inhabit a variety of ecosystems. More than two-thirds of palm species live in humid moist forests, where some species grow tall enough to form part of the canopy and shorter ones form part of the understory. Other palms live in tropical mountain habitats above 1 thousand metres 3 thousand feet , such as those in the genus Ceroxylon native to the Andes. Palms may also live in grasslands and scrublands, usually associated with a water source, and in desert oases such as the date palm.
A few palms are adapted to extremely basic lime soils, while others are similarly adapted to extreme potassium deficiency and toxicity of heavy metals in serpentine soils. Palms are a monophyletic group of plants, meaning the group consists of a common ancestor and all its descendants. Moore, who organized palms into 15 major groups based mostly on general morphological characteristics. The following classification, proposed by N. Uhl and J. Dransfield in , is a revision of Moore's classification that organizes palms into six subfamilies.
The Coryphoideae are the most diverse subfamily, and are a paraphyletic group, meaning all members of the group share a common ancestor, but the group does not include all the ancestor's descendants. Most palms in this subfamily have palmately lobed leaves and solitary flowers with three, or sometimes four carpels. The fruit normally develops from only one carpel.
Subfamily Calamoideae includes the climbing palms, such as rattans. The leaves are usually pinnate; derived characters synapomorphies include spines on various organs, organs specialized for climbing, an extension of the main stem of the leaf-bearing reflexed spines, and overlapping scales covering the fruit and ovary. Subfamily Nypoideae contains only one species, Nypa fruticans ,  which has large, pinnate leaves. The fruit is unusual in that it floats, and the stem is dichotomously branched, also unusual in palms.
Subfamily Ceroxyloideae has small to medium-sized flowers, spirally arranged, with a gynoecium of three joined carpels. The Arecoideae are the largest subfamily, with six diverse tribes Areceae , Caryoteae , Cocoseae , Geonomateae , Iriarteeae , and Podococceae containing over genera.
All tribes have pinnate or bipinnate leaves and flowers arranged in groups of three, with a central pistillate and two staminate flowers. The Phytelephantoideae are a monoecious subfamily. Members of this group have distinct monopodial flower clusters. Other distinct features include a gynoecium with five to 10 joined carpels, and flowers with more than three parts per whorl.
Fruits are multiple-seeded and have multiple parts. Currently, few extensive phylogenetic studies of the Arecaceae exist. In , Baker et al. The results strongly showed the Calamoideae are monophyletic, and Ceroxyloideae and Coryphoideae are paraphyletic. The relationships of Arecoideae are uncertain, but they are possibly related to the Ceroxyloideae and Phytelephantoideae. Studies have suggested the lack of a fully resolved hypothesis for the relationships within the family is due to a variety of factors, including difficulties in selecting appropriate outgroups, homoplasy in morphological character states, slow rates of molecular evolution important for the use of standard DNA markers , and character polarization.
Chemical and molecular data from non-organelle DNA, for example, could be more effective for studying palm phylogeny. The Arecaceae are the first modern family of monocots appearing in the fossil record around 80 million years ago Mya , during the late Cretaceous period.
The first modern species, such as Nypa fruticans and Acrocomia aculeata , appeared 69 Mya, as evidenced by fossil Nypa pollen. Palms appear to have undergone an early period of adaptive radiation. By 60 Mya, many of the modern, specialized genera of palms appeared and became widespread and common, much more widespread than their range today. Because palms separated from the monocots earlier than other families, they developed more intrafamilial specialization and diversity.
By tracing back these diverse characteristics of palms to the basic structures of monocots, palms may be valuable in studying monocot evolution. Human use of palms is at least as old as human civilization itself, starting with the cultivation of the date palm by Mesopotamians and other Middle Eastern peoples years or more ago. Barreveld wrote:. One could go as far as to say that, had the date palm not existed, the expansion of the human race into the hot and barren parts of the "old" world would have been much more restricted.
The date palm not only provided a concentrated energy food, which could be easily stored and carried along on long journeys across the deserts, it also created a more amenable habitat for the people to live in by providing shade and protection from the desert winds Fig. In addition, the date palm also yielded a variety of products for use in agricultural production and for domestic utensils, and practically all parts of the palm had a useful purpose.
An indication of the importance of palms in ancient times is that they are mentioned more than 30 times in the Bible ,  and at least 22 times in the Quran.
Arecaceae have great economic importance, including coconut products, oils, dates, palm syrup , ivory nuts, carnauba wax, rattan cane, raffia, and palm wood. Fruit of the date palm Phoenix dactylifera. Sabal palm in the Canaveral National Seashore. Like many other plants, palms have been threatened by human intervention and exploitation. The greatest risk to palms is destruction of habitat , especially in the tropical forests , due to urbanization , wood-chipping , mining , and conversion to farmland.
Palms rarely reproduce after such great changes in the habitat, and those with small habitat ranges are most vulnerable to them. The harvesting of heart of palm, a delicacy in salads, also poses a threat because it is derived from the palm's apical meristem , a vital part of the palm that cannot be regrown except in domesticated varieties, e.
In , at least palm species were considered endangered, and nine species have been reported as recently extinct. However, several factors make palm conservation more difficult. Palms live in almost every type of warm habitat and have tremendous morphological diversity.
Most palm seeds lose viability quickly, and they cannot be preserved in low temperatures because the cold kills the embryo.
Using botanical gardens for conservation also presents problems, since they can rarely house more than a few plants of any species or truly imitate the natural setting. The Palm Specialist Group of the World Conservation Union IUCN began in , and has performed a series of three studies to find basic information on the status of palms in the wild, use of wild palms, and palms under cultivation. Two projects on palm conservation and use supported by the World Wildlife Fund took place from to and —, in the American tropics and southeast Asia, respectively.
Most indoor palm trees or small potted plants are easy to care for. Their two essential care requirements are plenty of bright, indirect light and moist soil. If you get these conditions right, palm plants can thrive indoors for many years. Some of the most popular indoor palms are areca palm plant, majesty majestic palm, cat palm tree, and the colder hardy palms parlor and kentia. How to care for indoor palm trees: Grow your palm plant in a pot containing well-draining fertile soil, water when the top part of the soil dries, and keep humidity high. Fertilize your indoor palm tree monthly.
Dec 14, - Explore Marsha Weston-Fiss's board "Indoor Palm Trees" on Pinterest. See more ideas about indoor palm trees, indoor palms, plants.
What is that Palm-like Plant?
Tropical palms can add an exotic, beachside feel to your bathroom, living room, or any other room in your home. Parlor Palm prefers indirect light. Native to Central America, the Parlor palm has an attractive clumping growth habit and can grow to 6 feet tall in a container. Parlor palms grow well near a north-facing window. Fishtail Palm has unusual leaves that resemble fishtails. The leaves have a triangular form with a jagged edge, reminiscent of fish fins. Native to Asia, this graceful palm can grow up to 10 feet in a container. Fishtail palms also grow slowly and prefer well-drained, consistently moist soil. Pygmy Date Palm thrives in bright, indirect sunlight. Native to Southeast Asia, the Pygmy date palm features feathery 6 foot long fronds.
Robot or human?
They have a relaxed, sunny atmosphere to them that can turn any garden into a tropical paradise. Areca palms are beautiful and relatively easy to care for. They enjoy bright light and consistent moisture. They can develop root rot, though, so be sure to keep the soil moist but not soggy. Soil that is well-draining or a pot with plenty of drainage holes can assist with that.
Indoor palm plants have more than just an ornamental job to fulfill. Combine a few pots together and you have yourself a veritable tropical jungle that purifies the air in your home.
Areca Palm Online
Give me all the palm trees! To anyone not living in "palm tree land", they're sort of a novelty and highly sought after. Since I live in Florida now, they're in my yard, but I wanted them in my house for that tropical feeling year round. The only problem was that once I bought my first indoor potted palm tree, I had zero clue what to do with it. I'm certainly no gardener and I had only managed to keep my one and only potted ficus tree alive by sheer luck and its natural ability to survive extreme conditions, such as being knocked over in a hurricane, me forgetting to water it, etc. After doing a bit of research online, I decided that Majesty Palms are my favorite in terms of how the leaves look in comparison with other palms like Kentias and Parlor Palms.
Indoor Palm Tree Care: How to Trim a Palm Tree Plant
Among many species you will find, I heartily recommend that you try growing palm trees indoors since they will give a beachy note, among many other things, to your home. Stay tuned to discover all there is to know about growing palm trees indoors and which types to choose from! But, no can do. I mean, you can try, if you are a sadist. But, coconut palm will never reach its full potential as a houseplant. So, let it be.
Most species of palm trees bloom large flower clusters known as inflorescences. This normally happens once a year, and flowers typically.
A palm tree in the house
Indoor palm trees are slow-growing and stay smaller when grown in containers, making them ideal house plants. Most types of palm trees are native to tropical regions and grow best with indirect light and moderate humidity. Because of their need for moist air, palms were once thought of as difficult to please indoors.
How To Care For A Parlor Palm (Chamaedorea elegans)
The Areca Palm tree, with its tall, beautiful feather-shaped leaf, will add a lush feel to your home interiors. Nurture your relationship naturally with the evergreen areca palm online and send it to your family and friends. Visit the website to place your order. FlowerAura offers same day and midnight delivery. Areca palm is known to be the popular indoor houseplants.
Make a donation. Tender palms are elegant specimen plants giving an exotic, tropical feeling to the house, sun room or conservatory.
Keeping these elegant plants thriving is easy with this detailed indoor palm plant care guide. Palm plants are fun to collect, and pretty darn easy to care for. Plus there are lots of benefits of growing them indoors. Growing palm plants and trees indoors is very popular these days, and they make excellent houseplants. There are lots of benefits of having them in your home too, as well as tons of different varieties to choose from. Palms make excellent houseplants because they are very tolerant of neglect, but they will grow their best when given the proper indoor palm plant care.
The Kentia Palm or Howea forsteriana is a stunning indoor palm tree, and is one of our most popular and favourite plants. With sweeping architectural, dark green fronds this classic plant is the perfect way to bring a lush, tropical and exotic vibe into your home. Kentia palms are hardy plants that can tolerate some neglect and a wide range of conditions making them one of our most versatile plants. What's more they are also pet friendly and air purifying superstars!